Miniature Horses can be traced back to Europe in 1600. These tiny companions were pets of
dignity. The first mention of these great companions was in the US in 1888. However, they
became popular only in 1978 after the American Miniature Horse Association was formed. In this
article, we will tell you everything you need to know about miniature horses.
Like other pets, miniature horses are great companions. Even though they are similar to ponies,
miniature horses are classified as horses due to their horses’ characteristics.
Facts About Miniature Horses
• Family Horse (Equus Ferus Caballus)
• Character Friendly, Docile, Calm, And Gentle
• Life 25 to 35 Years
• Size 34 inches to 38 inches Tall
• Diet Herbivorous
• Care Level Moderate
• Cost $300 to $400 (Show Variety May Range From $1,000 to $200,000)
Breeding And Characteristics
As of date, there are more than a hundred thousand miniature horses in the US. Selective
inbreeding of these horses give them a gentle trait and a mini size apt for adoption as a pet.
However, dwarfism in these breeds may have specific problems like deformities in the spine and
limbs, unproportionate head, and weak jaws. If you plan to adopt a miniature horse, be sure to
buy from a reputable breeder.
Miniature horses are gentle, playful, docile, and friendly. They are intelligent to grasp obedience
quickly and make a great companion as a pet. These little friends love to spend time in the
company of humans. However, some may have their quirks and mood characteristics. If you have
another pet, these little creatures will accommodate them as well.
Appearance And Diversity
Owing to their mixed heritage, miniature horses have a variety of appearances. They are in five
different color shades – black, white, chocolate, palomino, and bay. A fully grown miniature horse
weighs about 150 to 250 pounds. The American Miniature Horse Registry categorizes these
horses into two categories.
• Category A– These horses are 34 inches tall or less.
• Category B-These horses are above 34 inches and weigh over 50 pounds more than
category A. Category A is mainly the stock variety which is more pony-like with muscular legs and broader
chests. Category B is more refined with longer legs and a slimmer body.
Caring For A Miniature Horse
Miniature horses require similar care as regular horses. They need a separate barn and diet like
all horses. Here are specifics to groom a miniature horse.
These great companions require sufficient nutrition; however, what they eat should be
monitored since these horses tend to grow obese. Therefore, it is better to feed them on grass
hay instead of grass. An average 250-pound Miniature Horse will require 1.5% of grass hay
as body fat which is 3.5 pounds of forage a day.
Miniature horses have similar teeth sizes as a standard horse. However, due to the smaller
head structure, the teeth may develop problems due to overcrowding and abnormal
development. Moreover, the wear of teeth will also result in digestive issues. Get your little
friend a regular dental checkup to rule out any dental issues. Even sinus problems are related
to dental weakness. Take a note of this sign when the horse is growing.
Deworming and Vaccination
Maintain a regular vaccination and deworming program. Miniature horses are prone to the
same diseases as large breed horses. The deworming should also include parasite load, fecal
testing, and digestive woes. These horses are also prone to fatty liver disease, also called
Hyperlipemia. If your horse is not eating for 24 hours, get him checked for fatty liver.
Miniature Horses will remain fit with a lot of physical activity. Horses work, and without
exercise, they are prone to colic and obesity. Exercise also helps mental stimulation for agility
and improving intelligence. Another significant benefit of training is that miniature horses will
not suffer from arthritis and musculoskeletal degeneration.
Hoof care is also similar to regular size horses. Miniature horse hoof needs regular trimming
in six to eight weeks with a routine inspection. The body balance is concerning the hoof angle
and shape. The hoofs will be strong and healthy if the overall health of the horse is
Miniature horses make a great companion. They are lovable, friendly, intelligent, and easily
accommodate humans as well as other pets. They also give you an alternative of income if you
can breed and showcase them. If you have other large horses, keep miniature horses in a
separate barn since bigger horses may injure them. Miniature horses also make a perfect pet for
children and disabled people; they also prove therapeutic in some particular cases